Information on a Company Screen

A company screen is one of the most common screens that investors will look at. Many websites have these screens, although the exact components on them vary between the different websites. However, these contain a number of common bits of information, that any new investors to the market should understand.  For the purpose of this tutorial, I will refer to ADVFN's quote screen.

As per the company screen above, I have numbered the key information:

1. This is a two, three or four, character code that it unique to a company. This is also known as an EPIC code, or a Ticker. The symbol is often derived from the company's name. For CarpetRight, the character code is CPR. This symbol is often used as a shortcut to access the company's page on most investment websites

2. The ISIN (International Securities Identification number) is also unique to a company. It is also used as a identification number

3. This section shows CarpetRight's price action today. There are three components. The first component is the 'Current' (a.k.a. Mid-Price). This is what is commonly known as the Share Price. CarpetRight's share price is currently 503p. To the left of this number is the absolute price change. The shares are down 15.5p today, which is equivalent to -3.0%

4. This section shows the share price data for today. Be wary that many websites only show delayed data, and the data showed can be inaccurate. The best way to find the real Bid and Ask price is to conduct a 'dummy trade' or observe other trade prices. The Bid Price is the price which you can sell at, whereas the Ask Price is the price at which you can buy the shares. The bid price is below the mid-price whereas the ask price is above it. This is how the middle men make profits - they profit upon the difference. This gap means that as soon as you buy a share, you are likely to show a small loss on your Profit/Loss account. It also means that when you sell a share, the realised value with be slightly less than shown. However, that is not always the case. Sometimes the bid price or ask price can be equivalent to the shown mid-price. The High price is the peak price reached during the day, whereas the Low price is the lowest price reached during the day. The Open price is the price of the stock at 08.00

5. The Volume is the sum of the volumes of all the trades completed during the day

6. The Sector is the sector within which the company operates. The list of all the sectors is shown on the right hand side of the screen

7. This is a selection of fundamental data on the company, which is derived from the company's last Full-Year report. Don't worry too much about these yet, I'll cover them in other tutorials. However, the one you do need to understand is the Market Cap (£m). This is represented by the number of shares in issue multiplied by the mid-price

8. This is the Trade Box, which shows the last trade for CarpetRight. The first part (the 'O' symbol) signifies the type of trade. These are the most common:
- O = Ordinary Trade
- L = Late Reported Trade. This trade went through the market some time ago, but has only just been reported
- LC = Late Correction. A correction to previous trade data made more than 3 days after the trade day
- NT = Negotiated Trade
- UT = Uncrossing Trade. This is the result of a SETS auction
- AT = Automatic Trade. This is an automatically generated trade through the SETS system via the order book
The Size of the trade is the volume of the trade, and the price is the trade price. This can be used to determine whether the trade was a Buy or a Sell

9. This section provides a list of recent RNS statements. These are news announcements made by the company

10. These Share Charts show a range of time periods. An intra-day chart is usually shown, along with a 12 or 24 month chart